Sunday, October 17, 2010

A Locke Library

Nothing has taught me more about the importance of original historical documents than the past year of research. Census records, wills, land transfers, death records & cemetery visits have provided me with priceless info, in some cases, breaking years of mystery, and in other cases, shedding new light on information that was accepted as fact.
Nothing has been more helpful than to take documents gathered in the past and to put them all together with the technology, new info, & fresh eyes we have now. And nothing has been more frustrating than to wade through document after document online to discover some new connections and info (yeah!), only to discover copies of those documents were sitting in some box or file of some family member but just didn't get passed on.

So in light of all of these reasons, and in an effort to combine the brains and brawn of the greater Locke family, I have begun a digital library of key documents for each of the Locke lines that come from Chester Co, South Carolina. I have added these photo libraries to the blog's sidebar, as well, but for convenience and excitement's sake here they are in all their glory:
I have already personally gained new information from just compiling and labeling these images and can't image what we can do together. Feel free to comment in the album. And please, we would love any other documents you have-- either as scanned copies or digital images. (Although I have included a few photos, I'm trying to stay away from building a scrapbook of relatives' photos here. I'm hoping mostly for this to be a compilation of historical documents that can be passed and maintained for future generations.)

Tuesday, July 13, 2010

Union Tennessee Volunteers Cavalry 3rd Regiment

I just wanted to share a few more details about the Tennessee Cavalry 3rd Regiment that Josiah Locke served in from 1863-1865. The details were all found at the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System run by the National Parks Service. I've melded the information found on that site with Josiah's service records for this post.

It is always interesting to note the conditions that these men served under. The death tolls from this large regiment (the NPS website shows 1682 men in the regiment) are a prime example of the death tolls of the Civil War at large. Of the 3rd Tenn Cavalry only 10 men (2 officers, 8 enlisted) actually were killed or mortally wounded in battle. The remaining 536 men (4 officers, 532 enlisted) died from disease. As we think of Gettysburg, Fredricksburg, Antietam & the other famous battles, we think of bloodshed and the fire of muskets and cannons. However, filthy camps, dirty water, malnutrition, and other basic elements of public health and sanitation were the actual cause of most of the deaths.

Below is the history of the 3rd Tenn Cavalry regiment. I've bolded the events from Josiah's personal service records to enable comparison to the rest of the regiment history. I have not included battles/locations that took place while Josiah was a POW. I've also left the links from the NPS website to all the battles--check them out!

One point to think on as you read through these battles is that Josiah could have fought those battles against any number of his Locke relatives serving as Confederate soldiers, including the widower and sons of his half-sister Ruth Reeves; his paternal uncle, Jesse Locke, & Jesse's sons; and his cousin Josiah H. Locke (son of paternal uncle Benjamin Locke), to name just a few.

3rd Tennessee Cavalry:
  • Jan 27, 1863: Regiment was organized at Murfreesboro and Nashville, Tenn.
  • Oct 16, 1863: Josiah joined up in Nashville, TN.
  • Nov 12, 1863: Josiah was mustered in as a Private in Co H in Nashville, TN
  • Nov/Dec 1863: Duty at Nashville.
  • Dec 24-28: Operations about Dandridge and Mossy Creek.
  • Dec 28-Jan 4, 1864: Expedition to Memphis, TN.
  • Jan 14: Moved to Colliersville.
  • Feb 11-26: Smith's Expedition to Okolona, Miss. [Locations noted as Pontotoc (Feb 17), Okolona (Feb 18), Egypt Station (Feb 19), West Point (Feb 20-21)]
  • Feb 22: Ivy's Hill or Okolona.
  • Mar- Jun: Duty at Nashville.
  • Jun- Sep: Duty on line of Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad and in the District of North AL (about Decatur).
  • Jun 24-Aug 20: Operations in District of North Alabama.
  • Jul 25-28: Expedition from Decatur to Courtland and Moulton and skirmish.
  • Aug 9: Near Pond Springs.
  • Aug 17-20: Expedition from Decatur to Moulton
  • Aug 18-19: Near Antioch Church
  • Sep 10: Florence.
  • Sep 16-25: Operations against Forest.
  • Sep 23-24: Action at Athens, AL by a detachment, captured. Josiah captured by Confederates.
  • Sep 24, 1864-Mar 21, 1865: Josiah held as a POW by the Confederates
  • Mar 21, 1865: Josiah released by the Confederates at Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • (Apr 7, 1865: General Lee surrenders at Appomattox)
  • May 7- Jun 27, 1865: Josiah at Camp Chase, Ohio
  • Jul-Aug 1865: On post duty at Nashville (Regiment had been there since Dec 1864).
  • Aug 3, 1865: Josiah (& regiment) mustered out from Pulaski, TN
Josiah would have served only about 10.5 months before being captured. Most of his time seems to have been spent traveling and waiting, as he really only saw 2 battles & a few small skirmishes. He was then held as a POW for 6 months. He was then returned to a Union Camp where he stayed until after General Lee surrendered and the end of the War was imminent.

Sunday, June 13, 2010

Josiah Locke's Civil War Service

Recently I have been on the hunt to find the Civil War records for Josiah Locke (Kate Locke-Gus Thomas Leon Locke-Josiah Locke-Joseph Lock-Josias John Lock-James Lock). Using the above photograph of Josiah Locke in his military uniform & information online, my father was able to determine that the best match for this uniform was the Union Tennessee Cavalry uniform, although the buttons appeared on the wrong side of the uniform. Since the daguerreotypes or tintypes from the 1860's would take images in reverse, the uniform in mirror-image is typical & expected. It also was very likely that Josiah was a Union soldier because the McClanahan brothers (one of which was Josiah's brother-in-law) & other neighbors of the Lockes in Meigs Co, TN fought for the Union.

For those of you less familiar with Civil War history (like I was until I moved to the South), during the Civil War, the state of Tennessee had soldiers serving in both the Union & Confederacy. Eastern Tennessee tended to be aligned with the Union, while middle & western Tennessee supported the Confederacy. For this reason, the state of Tennessee had the most battles of any other state except Virginia. [See this link for a more thorough explanation of Tennessee's allegiances during the Civil War.]

However, I have been hesitant to pay to order any Civil War records from the National Archives until I had more evidence of which soldier named Josiah Locke I needed. (I didn't want to end up with records on the wrong Josiah Locke.) Thankfully my fabulous sister-in-law let me know about the brand new Civil War records collection available on for FREE. And Josiah's records I did find!! His file was well-documented and included his enlistment papers with his place of birth, age, signature, and physical description. Much more than I thought would be on them.
The images can be found at:

From the records below it shows that Josiah Locke:
  • Was a Private in the 3rd Tennessee Cavalry, Company H
  • Joined up October 16, 1863 in Nashville, TN.
  • Mustered In on November 12, 1863 in Nashville, TN (Nashville was captured by the Union in Feb 1862.)
  • Was age 36 at time of enlistment
  • Captured by the enemy on September 24, 1864 in Athens, Alabama
  • Released on March 21, 1865 at Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • Arrived at Camp Chase, Ohio on May 7, 1865
  • Mustered-out from service at Camp Chase on June 27, 1865 & then on August 3rd, 1865 from Pulaski, TN
  • Physical description: black eyes, brown hair, light complexion, 6'2''
  • Born in Chester Co, SC (not new info, but verifies that this is the right Josiah)
Volunteer Enlistment document: included signature, place of birth, and physical description

Recruitment papers: includes signature

Sunday, May 2, 2010

Visit to Jasper, TN

Back at the end of February, we were able to stop by Jasper, TN --the birthplace of Kate Locke Brower & where she spent her childhood until age of 14 (at which time she moved with her family to Blackfoot, Idaho). Jasper is located about 20 miles to the west of Chattanooga. Down a windy county road not far from the interstate, you find the Pleasant Grove Cemetery across from a small old church. (The actual address of the church is 172 Pleasant Grove Rd, Jasper TN 37347).

Buried in this cemetery are several Parker family members from Kate's maternal side, including her maternal grandparents, 5 aunts & uncles, & 9 first cousins. Kate Locke was named for both this grandmother's maiden name & her aunt Kate Parker, who are both buried there. You should make special note of the Turner family, who Kate Locke said of in her biography,
"Our closest playmates were our cousins, the Turners, Mama's oldest sister's family. They were the only members [our age] of the [LDS] Church we knew. Uncle Poley, Ida, Nettie, Mama [Kate's mom Elender], and the twins, May & Ellen, joined the church when Irene [Kate's sister] & I did. Aunt Harriett would have loved to join, but was so drawn up with arthritis she just sat in the chair. She couldn't straighten her legs & everyone feared that when she died it would be hard to get her in the casket. Mama worried about leaving her behind when we moved to Idaho, but she passed away before we left."

Here's a quick summary of Kate Locke's maternal pedigree:
(I've put an asterisk* next to those buried there. Also, I have only included the cousins buried there)
Joseph Lewis Parker* (1835-1922) & Elender Rebecca Cate* (1839-1920)
.....1. Harriet Parker* m. Napoleon Bonaparte Turner* (Uncle "Poley" to Kate Locke)
..........1.1 Charles W. Turner*
..........1.2 John P. Turner* m. Susan Lambert*
..........1.3 James S. Turner * m. Martha D.*
..........1.6 Ida Turner *
..........1.8 Melvin Turner*
.....2. Elbert Parker
.....3. James C. Parker m. Annie Belk [They moved to Idaho & encouraged Kate's parents to later move, too]
.....4. Martha Jane Parker
.....5. Elizabeth Caroline Parker (1868-1941) m. Gus Thomas Leon Locke
..........5.2. Kate Locke (1899-1985)
.....6. Ellen Parker
.....7. Kate Parker*
.....8. Benjamin F. Parker* m. Lillie May Parker*
..........8.2 Ben B. Parker* m. Mary Lou ?*
..........8.3 Infant Son*
..........8.7 K. Christine Parker*
..........8.8 J.W. Parker*
.....9. William H. Parker

**Remember to click on any image to enlarge

Headstone of Elender Rebecca Cate:

Headstone of Joseph Lewis Parker:

Headstone of
Harriet Parker (Child #1 of J.L. Parker & Elender Cate):
Also buried here are her spouse Napoleon Bonaparte Turner, and children Ida, Charles W., John P. (& wife), James S. (& wife & daughter), and Melvin.

Headstone of Kate Parker (Child #7 of J.L. Parker & Elender Cate):

Headstone of Benjamin F. Parker (Child #8 of J.L. Parker & Elender Cate):
Also buried there are his spouse & sons Ben B, J.W., & unnamed infant son, and a daughter K. Christine.

Saturday, March 13, 2010

The Case of the Two Stephen Locks

Again I have found a case of confusion due to 2 men with the same name—Stephen Lock. Hopefully as you can see, the mystery is somewhat solved, but a few questions do remain.
(Pardon me as I walk you through each of the documents & facts. My research training just can’t be discarded too easily, and I do want the conclusions I found to be as obvious as possible.)
Don't forget you can click on the images for full sized viewing--

The Background
Fact #1:
Josias Lock (1795-1826)has a Stephen Lock listed among his heirs along with Joseph, Jesse, Benjamin, Asa, Priscilla & Sarah. This has always been assumed (& safely so) that these are the children of Josias Lock.
There are extensive records & info about a Stephen Lock & Nancy Hines who were the parents of Willis, Levi, Martha, Thena, Rebecca, and Nancy. There are good records listing the death of this Nancy Hines Lock in 1847.

Fact #2:

There is a Stephen Lock listed as the husband of Rhoda Reeves, an heir (and daughter) of William C. Reeves in a land transfer in Oct 1839 [Chester Co Deed Book BB Pg 287]. Interestingly, also listed as heir (and daughter) is Ruth Reeves, wife of Levi Lock (the son of Nancy Hines & Stephen Lock) and listed as heir (and wife) is Mary Culp Reeves Lock, wife of Joseph Lock.
Rhoda Reeves Lock is later listed alone in TN with her children in 1850, suggesting her husband Stephen died about 1847.

Question: Which Stephen Lock is the son of Josias Lock?? Is the other Stephen somehow related??
The online threads at all seemed to indicate that Stephen Lock (husband of Nancy) is the son of Josias Lock. However, no real evidence was ever listed as the source. I also found that was the obvious choice, but then who is the other Stephen??

Other Points to Ponder:
--Since Nancy clearly dies in 1847 and Rhoda is already married to her Stephen Lock in 1839, this cannot be dealing with 2 different wives of the same man.
--Since the families are clearly tied, "Stephen Lock" is likely a family name.
--Since this issue arises before 1850, the censuses do not list spouses or children which does not help much—a major problem.

I will refer to each Stephen from now on as follows:
Stephen #1
—husband of Nancy Hines. Father of Willis, Levi, Martha, Thena, Rebecca, and Nancy. Likely born before 1784 (to allow for birth of Willis in 1804). Death date unknown.
Stephen #2—husband of Rhoda Reeves (step-daughter of Joseph Lock, step-sister of Josiah Lock). Listed in land transfer in 1839. Died about 1847. Likely born in 1800-1810 (age listed on 1840 York census).

The Search…
I was able to obtain the microfilm containing the probate of Nancy Hines Lock and the will and probate of her father Thomas Hines. These sources were listed in a reference book as the source for an implied marriage of Nancy Hines and Stephen Lock. I was hoping this could shed some light on the issue and at least clarify info about Stephen and Nancy that I had seen online.
I will admit I was secretly hoping that Stephen #2 might be a missing son of Stephen #1 to make this quick & easy to solve. But that was not the case... but I did find some other great info!

As you can see in the document pictured below, the last will and testament of Thomas Hines dated 15 July 1826 says,
“I, Thomas Hines, snr, of the State of South Carolina & District of Chester. Being very weak & frail of body. But of sound mind & memory. Blessed be God for the same. Do make this my last will of testament in the manner following viz.
3rd I bequeath to my daughter Nancy Lock (widow woman) my negro girl and at her death fall to and belong to her heirs.”

The will of Thomas Hines dated 15 July 1826

The phrase "widow woman" shows that Stephen #1 definitely died before July 1826. This made me remember that a Nancy Lock was listed in the 1820 Census for Chester Co, South Carolina [shown below] and is listed next door to her brother Ignatious Lock. Women are not listed on the census before 1850, unless they are the head of household—something that would only occur if widowed or with an absent husband (& maybe not even then). This would indicate that Stephen #1 died before 1820. This also is strengthened by the children listed (2 boys and 4 girls under 18 and 2 women) which match with the ages of the 2 sons and 4 daughters of Stephen #1 and Nancy. There is no indication of who the extra woman is, but perhaps a sister or helper since Nancy Hines Lock had 4 small children and no husband.

1820 Chester Co South Carolina listing Nancy Lock living next door to her brother Ignatious Hines

The death date estimation is aided by the census records for birth dates of the children. Stephen #1 & Nancy's son, Levi is listed as born around 1816 and their daughter, Nancy as born June 1817. This would indicate that Stephen #1 died 1817-1820.

1850 York Co South Carolina census listing Levi Lock as born in ~1816/1817

The 1840 York Co South Carolina census [shown below] has a Stephen listed. However, this is definitely Stephen #2 because the age of the oldest male is listed as 30-40yrs, which would indicate a birth in 1800-1810. Since Levi Lock, the youngest son of Stephen #1 & Nancy Hines was born around 1816, it would be impossible for this to be Stephen #1.
1840 York Co South Carolina Census --Stephen Locke is the last one listed

Additionally, when I was in South Carolina I was able to look at the original probate documents for Josias Lock (posted here). Other than being really amazing to be holding in my own hands the originals of my 5th great-grandfather’s documents, it showed that Stephen Lock purchased several items from the estate sale (sometime after Oct 1826) and signed a land transfer as an heir on 14 March 1827. This confirms that Stephen #1 could not be the son of Josias Lock, since he would not be alive to be listed in the will or on the land transfer.

In summary:
It appears that Stephen #1 is NOT the son of Josias Lock, rather Stephen #2 is the son. However, the family connections strongly suggest that Stephen #1 is a relative of Josias Lock. How Stephen #1 is related is the big question still remaining.

So who is Stephen #1??
My suspicion and working hypothesis of the moment is that Stephen #1 is the nephew of Josias Lock, and that Josias' son Stephen #2 is named after this older nephew. It has been indicated by others that Josias Lock had an older brother who also lived in the Chester, SC area named William. This William is listed throughout Chester documents in the early 1800s/1790s as William or Willy Lock. The name of Stephen #1's oldest son is Willis Lock--this suggests to me a possible connection as sons often bestowed on their eldest son the name of their own father. This could be a likely scenario especially since 3 of Josias' other sons (Jesse, Benjamin & Joseph) all named one of their sons Josiah. This would explain the close connections and intermarriages between the families.

This would also agree with DNA testing info I received from Vann Helms (a descendant of Levi Locke) that has shown that a descendant of Stephen #1 (via his son Levi) are directly related to a descendant of Jesse Lock, Josias' eldest son. The DNA marker that is used in this type of testing is linked to the Y chromosome & passed down directly from father to son. Since William & Josias are brothers, they would have both received the same Y chromosome from their father, and thus both carry this marker. They would have then both passed this same marker to their sons & direct male descendants.

Hopefully this has shed some light and sources on the question of the relationship of the Locks in Chester and York Co South Carolina.

Sunday, November 8, 2009

Visit to Chester & York Counties in South Carolina

In late August, my husband & I took a trip over to South Carolina to visit the area where Josias Lock lived (grandfather of Josiah Locke & great grandfather of Gus Thomas Leon Locke). We also hoped to find some more information/clarification on the children of Josias Lock. And information we did find... Despite my delay in posting any of the details, we were able to handle the originals of Josias' probate documents (1820s!), land transfers for Joseph & Mary Lock, land transfer with the signatures or marks of the heirs of Josias Lock, obits of the children of Levi Locke & more.

I have scans of photocopies of some, photographs of others--all will be posted soon...

We visited:
Chester Co. Probate Court

Chester Co. Courthouse (for land transfers, deeds, etc.)
SC Archives
Historical Center of York Co. (This place wins my own personal award hands down for being the most helpful!)
York Co Library at Rock Hill (for obits in the Rock Hill Herald)
Catawba Baptist Church cemetery

Here are some brief snapshots of the trip:

The Courthouse in Chester County

The basement of the Courthouse, there was a single light & it was so dirty & musty. The books were just everywhere...

On the way to Rock Hill, York Co.

The Catawba Baptist Church
(Levi Locke's family were one of the original families)

The adventurous amateur family historians

P.S. You can enlarge the images by clicking on them.